Amtrak Fiscal Year 2021: Amidst Continuing Coronavirus Pandemic, Grew Ridership and Revenue and Introduced New Projects and Initiatives for the Future

Continued prioritizing infrastructure, safety, and customer experience while recovering service levels and ridership

WASHINGTON – Amtrak successfully advanced its COVID-19 recovery efforts throughout its 50th Anniversary fiscal year, through continued safety measures for customers and employees, increased train service levels in line with growing demand and continued building a strong foundation for modernization and growth. With announcements of our largest order for new trains in decades, the opening of new stations, the addition of new customer services and amenities, and our proposals for new corridor service in up to 160 communities, Amtrak put in motion key initiatives to support an enhanced national rail network capable of serving more people in more places with better service.

“Our customers trust Amtrak’s commitment to safety and are responding positively to the investments and improvements we are making,” said Amtrak CEO Bill Flynn. “We will continue to prioritize offering a modern, safe and reliable customer experience and preparing for what should be a monumental fiscal year 2022.”

Business is now at about 70% of pre-COVID levels, up from 25% at this time in FY20, and based on the current forecast, ridership and revenue is expected to improve to about 80% of pre-COVID levels by the end of fiscal year 2022.

“Our 50th year as a company is certainly a milestone, and we launched several hallmark initiatives as we embark on a new era for passenger rail,” said Amtrak Board Chair Tony Coscia. “The Bipartisan Infrastructure Law enacted by the Biden Administration and Congress is a historic investment that will benefit customers and communities and prove that Amtrak is an important part of a larger solution to help America tackle the climate crisis, create economic opportunity and expand mobility.”

Preliminary results for fiscal year 2021 (Oct. 2020 – Sept. 2021) include:

  • Safety: Since the COVID-19 vaccine offers the best way to keep its employees and customers safe, Amtrak required employees to become vaccinated, resulting in about 97% of our employees with at least one vaccination dose, excluding employees who are on leave of absence or have an approved accommodation.
  • Total Capital Spend: Advanced $2.2 billion in capital spending, including major milestones such as the Hudson Tunnel Project property acquisition and new multi-powered trainsets. 
  • Ridership: Provided 12.2 million customer trips, with more than half of those trips taking place in the second half of the year, and growth of 4 million over the 2020 rate and a 42% increase over our FY21 goal.
  • Adjusted Operating Earnings1: ($1.08 billion) and $400 million ahead of plan due to strong ridership gains driven by new approaches to marketing and pricing that helped attract new riders.

Amtrak highlights in fiscal year 2021 include:  

  • Amtrak Connects Us: Amtrak launched the company’s vision to advance the development of more frequent, reliable and sustainable intercity passenger rail service to over 160 more communities and 20 million more passengers annually by 2035, as outlined in the Amtrak Corridor Vision. To be implemented in collaboration with states, local communities, the administration and many other stakeholders, the Corridor Vision builds upon Amtrak’s national network, integrating new and improved corridors to expand the existing system. The economic benefit of Amtrak’s Corridor Vision could reach $8 billion annually by 2035, with an additional $195 billion in economic activity generated by additional capital investment between 2021 and 2035. More than 26,000 ongoing permanent jobs plus 616,000 person-years of employment supported by capital investments could also be created or supported by this vision during this time.
  • New Service: After more than five years of data-driven and federally led studies, Amtrak initiated a process before the U.S. Surface Transportation Board to require CSX Transportation and Norfolk Southern Railway to permit the operation of two daily Amtrak trains between New Orleans and Mobile. Amtrak has a legal right to use this route, which has sufficient capacity to host these trains, and there is up to $66 million in funds from federal and state sources to support necessary improvements for the new intercity passenger rail service. These potential investments have been reviewed, approved, and funded by the Federal Railroad Administration (FRA), Amtrak and others. Amtrak also executed a historic $944 million agreement with Virginia to more than double the number of state-sponsored services in the Commonwealth during the next 10 years.
  • Equipment: Announced a contract with Siemens Mobility Inc. to manufacture a new fleet of up to 83 multi-powered modern trains that will be leveraged for state and Northeast services, with further options for up to 130 additional trains to support Amtrak growth plans. Most of these trainsets will provide both electric and diesel power, as well as some with cutting edge battery power, to create a common platform for use across Amtrak’s various routes and modern rail amenities to better serve all Amtrak customers. These new trains will replace the current Amfleet I, Metroliner cab and Cascades service fleets. Amtrak also continued to advance production of the new Acela trainsets that will transform travel on the NEC. Achieved delivery of all 130 cars from our Viewliner II long-distance railcar order as well as the first new ALC-42 diesel locomotives for long-distance service, which are currently undergoing testing.
  • Stations: Amtrak expanded its footprint and significantly upgraded the customer experience in New York City with the opening of Moynihan Train Hall, located inside the Farley Post Office building, between 31st and 33rd Street directly across 8th Avenue from New York Penn Station. At New York Penn Station, Amtrak installed new wayfinding signage and an Ultraviolet Germicidal Irradiation System in one of the Heating, Ventilation and Air-Conditioning units in the Amtrak concourse, refreshed platforms and completed the second and final phase of the Ticketed Waiting Area refresh in conjunction with NJ TRANSIT. Amtrak also achieved financial close with Plenary Infrastructure Philadelphia (PIP) on a lease and development agreement for the restoration and renovation of the William H. Gray III 30th Street Station in Philadelphia. Under the agreement, PIP will refurbish and improve the historic building, finance those improvements and maintain the station for a 50-year term. Announced with the State of Vermont, the Town of Brattleboro, and NECR Railroad a proposal for a new Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)-compliant Brattleboro Station.
  • Infrastructure: Amtrak unveiled new plans to enhance and advance the Baltimore & Potomac Tunnel Replacement Program together with the Maryland Department of Transportation. The new tunnel will be named after Frederick Douglass, the late Maryland-born and world-renowned abolitionist leader. Amtrak broke ground on the Baltimore Penn Station redevelopment and platform improvements. To allow for greater operability of train service, Amtrak is rebuilding a low-level platform into an ADA-compliant high-level platform. This work, along with a renewed overhead electrical system and an upgraded 30-mile stretch of track between Baltimore Penn Station and Washington Union Station, will enable higher speed operations. Once fully completed, these upgrades will improve on-time performance for high-speed train operations by providing route flexibility and allowing unimpeded travel.
  • Gateway: The Hudson Tunnel Project secured all necessary federal environmental approvals and permits, including the Final Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) and Record of Decision (ROD) from the FRA and Federal Transit Administration (FTA) and the Section 404/10 permit from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers for construction within the New Jersey Meadowlands and Hudson River. Completion of the EIS and issuance of a ROD by the FRA and FTA is a major milestone for the project, permitting the Hudson Tunnel Project to qualify for FTA’s Capital Investment Grants Program, based on a new financial plan submitted by the Gateway Program project partners. The FEIS/ROD also allowed Amtrak to purchase a critical property in Manhattan, 260 12th Avenue, the site of the construction shaft and permanent ventilation plant for the tunnel. Also in 2021, the Portal North Bridge Project secured a Full Funding Grant Agreement from the FTA and NJ TRANSIT approved the award of the construction contract for the project, positioning the Bridge project to commence construction in early 2022.  
  • Product Upgrades: Amtrak launched and expanded several popular programs to provide customers with improved amenities. This included the debut of a refreshed food and beverage menu along with top-quality dining experience for customers riding in First Class onboard Acela trains. Amtrak also restored and reimagined traditional dining service on the California Zephyr, Coast Starlight, Empire Builder, Southwest Chief, Sunset Limited, and Texas Eagle (between San Antonio and Los Angeles) following pandemic-related suspension of the service. In addition, Amtrak initiated a multi-million-dollar and multi-year project aimed to improve the customer experience aboard long distance trains by refreshing over 450 railcar interiors. With an expanded carry-on bike program for state-sponsored trains operating in Virginia, customerscan now store their bike in the passenger coach in a designated space. Customers can also take advantage of a relaunched USA Rail Pass for a new and affordable way to take a multi-segment train journey. Additionally, Amtrak achieved record ticket revenue by the Auto Train following an expansion of private room capacity and development of new pricing and marketing tactics to promote this unique service. Lastly, Amtrak debuted its BidUpSM program, offering upgrades to Business Class, First Class and private rooms, expanded the pet program, and introduced private rooms on select Northeast Regional trains. 
  • Sustainability: Announced a contract for up to 83 multi-powered trains, and received the delivery of the first new ALC-42, that will lead to reduced greenhouse gas emissions. All passengers traveling on the NEC, between Boston and Washington, D.C., are now provided their trip-specific carbon emissions savings. Savings achieved by taking Amtrak are shown as how much riders saved by not driving and flying. On the NEC, travel with Amtrak produces 83% less emissions than driving alone and up to 73% less than flying.
  • Climate Resilience: Amtrak developed and is implementing a Climate Resiliency Strategic plan, including a climate vulnerability assessment for the NEC, and establishing a path for long term substantial reductions in greenhouse gas emissions across the company’s operations. The climate vulnerability assessment will identify assets and segments of the electrified rail network where heat, sea level rise, wind, and heavy precipitation events could notably affect the Amtrak business by mid-century and 2100. Along with the vulnerability assessment, Amtrak created a resilience strategic plan to integrate climate considerations into business practices and planning efforts.
  • Planning: Despite COVID-19 challenges, collaborated with more than 3,500 individuals across the country through training, exercises and emergency response planning. Working with multiple Federal agencies including the FRA, FBI, FEMA, and NTSB, trainings informed and improved Amtrak’s ability to respond to and recover from emergency incidents.
  • Vaccine Mandate: In August, Amtrak issued a mandate requiring that all employees be fully vaccinated against COVID-19. To support this mandate, Amtrak provided onsite vaccine clinics, was among the first companies to introduce a compensation allowance for employees who provided proof they had been vaccinated and provided compensation for time off due to vaccine recovery. Amtrak also held town halls devoted to providing information about the vaccines explained by Amtrak’s medical director and established the first business-to-business relationship with a national pharmacy to ensure vaccine access. Amtrak coordinated 48 COVID-19 vaccine clinics across the country for Amtrak employees and their families resulting in an employee vaccination rate well ahead of many major businesses.
  • Accessibility: Progressing work at 95 stations, Amtrak expended over $93 million on ADA station projects; this includes five assessments, 28 station designs, 20 station construction projects, 16 Passenger Information Display System (PIDS) designs, and three PIDS deployments. Amtrak also continued its aggressive approach to making stations accessible by having 155 stations fully or partially ADA-compliant. Aiming to expand accessibility to passengers across all fleets, Amtrak continued efforts on the ADA Fleet Compliance project, which comprises 12 separate rail car modifications, such as installing onboard wheelchairs for quick evacuation, applying non-skid vestibule floor coating, and modifying the first floor of bi-level Long Distance cars to create an accessible path of travel to ADA compliant restrooms. In FY21, more than 1,000 employees completed Amtrak’s enhanced accessibility training, ensuring that customer-facing employees receive intensive 8-hour, in-person training. Despite impacts due to the COVID-19 pandemic, Amtrak still hosted 130 accessibility classes across 19 U.S. cities.
  • Technology: Began offering new digital payment options on the Amtrak mobile app and Introduced app improvements, including the expansion of push notification capabilities for gate and track information, new notification offerings featuring tips and information during service disruptions or cancellations, a text service to speak directly to an agent (also available on, and the ability to cancel (initiate a refund) or modify a trip. Amtrak has also introduced digital timetables that provide customers with real-time schedule information for a given city pair. 
  • State-Supported Services: Launched expanded rail service from Richmond to the Northeast Corridor and an additional nearly $1 billion Amtrak investment in the $3.7 billion in the Commonwealth of Virginia’s Transforming Rail in Virginia program to expand and improve passenger, commuter, and freight rail in Virginia and create a vital connection in America’s national rail network between the Northeast and Southeast corridors.
  • Diversity & Inclusion: Amtrak implemented initiatives to improve diversity, inclusion and belonging for Amtrak employees. Amtrak increased targeted recruiting efforts, launched seven Employee Resource Groups to support our diverse workforce and achieved a 9.2% increase in women hired. The company established Juneteenth as a holiday for all employees. Established four scholarships to support minority students attaining higher education or a college degree, or a woman pursuing a STEM degree.
  • Talent/People: Amtrak extended 1,744 employment offers and scaled up recruitment, hiring and retention efforts. In addition, Amtrak supported company-wide COVID-19 response and remote working efforts including developing a process for accommodation requests. Amtrak invested in talent and advanced technology through Market Competitive Benefits with offerings to managers that are more simple, personal, relevant, and competitive. Amtrak also defended its new Drug & Alcohol-Free Workplace Policy successfully in arbitration and recalled more than 1,200 furloughed employees after receiving COVID-19 relief funding.
  • Leadership: Amtrak named Laura Mason as Executive Vice President of Major Program Delivery to lead a new organization responsible for delivering Amtrak’s largest infrastructure, fleet, and station programs. Stephen Gardner was appointed President as part of a broader set of actions taken under Bill Flynn’s leadership, working with the Board of Directors, to ensure that Amtrak is well positioned for success.
  • Purpose: Amtrak employees raised over $50k to support charitable organizations through the United Way Campaign.

1 Unaudited